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Europe Day 2022

About us

The EU has a number of institutions and bodies that play important roles in the day-to-day running of the EU. There are also a host of specialised agencies and decentralised bodies that handle a range of technical, scientific and management tasks.

Read on to learn what they are and what they do.

The European Parliament is made up of directly elected members from each EU country, who debate and amend laws
The European Council is where the EU heads of state and government meet. Chaired by its President, it sets the general political direction of the EU.
The Council of the EU brings together national ministers who adopt laws and coordinate policies in various areas. It is currently chaired by France.
The European Commission proposes laws, upholds EU treaties and takes care of the day-to-day running of the EU.
The ECB takes care of the euro. It aims to keep prices stable and contributes to the safety and soundness of European banks.
The European Court of Auditors checks that EU funds are spent correctly and efficiently. Find out more about how the auditors work and about how they help to protect EU citizens' money.
The EEAS is the EU’s diplomatic service. It helps the EU's foreign affairs chief, Josep Borrell, represent the EU in the world. The EEAS has its headquarters in Brussels but also manages 143 EU delegations around the globe.
The European Committee of the Regions is the voice of regions and cities in the EU. It represents local and regional authorities and gives its advice on new laws that have an impact on regions and cities.
The EIB is the EU bank. It finances small and medium-sized enterprises and invests in innovation, infrastructure, climate and the environment.
An independent body that helps people, businesses and organisations by investigating complaints about the EU administration.
The official publisher of the EU institutions, agencies and bodies and a central point of access to official EU information.
Learn about decentralised EU agencies performing technical and scientific tasks that help the EU institutions implement policies and make decisions.